Behind the scenes
Examples of behind the scenes actions on how some shot types were achieved according to our storyboard outline. Below, each behind the scenes provides a photo of the filming location, the camera set-up, and finally, the outcome of the scene within it's original video.
Common shot types for capturing an interview.
Most interviews start with a shot of the guest or interviewer. In the first frame, we have Dr. Glenn Stillar in a medium shot where he is sitting comfortably on a chair; this sets an atmosphere for a casual interview, which we were aiming for since he is telling a story from his youth.
Interviews often consist of one to two cameras on set in order to capture the guest from different angles. This prevents the viewer from having to watch the same camera shot multiple times. Dr. Glenn Stillar uses hand gestures while he speaks, therefore, a medium shot was a perfect shot to use as it captures both his hand gestures and his facial expressions. B-roll are also often used to visually demonstrate the content that the guest is speaking about.
The guest faces slightly left or right of the camera. This illustrates that the guest is speaking to someone who is generally the interviewer. Having the camera facing towards the guest in a front-view allows the audience to be part of the conversation.
Common shot type to use in horror/thriller films.
Horror and thriller films often use a compartment shot to create anticipation and suspense when a character makes a discovery. In the example above comes from the "Doppelgänger" short video that my group produced for our common sequence assignment.
In the photo above, I am standing inside a closet and since there is minimal space the camera is set up just in front of me where I am holding the tripod. Having the camera set like this depicts a compartment shot where the main character is shown opening the closet and searching for a jacket. The subject then gives an expression of confusion because he couldn't find the jacket he was searching for-this builds up the suspense as a pair of hands come out from behind, grab hold of his face and pull him back.
In this scene, our group used a combination of a medium close-up shot, which follows a close-up shot to emphasize the subject's facial expression. Since the camera was placed inside the closet , our group had to rely on the single artificial light behind the subject. Unfortunately, during post-production the editing software we used wouldn't allow us to brighten up the scene without becoming slightly pixelated.
sports action shot
Common shot types for capturing live sport.
Capturing sports events can sometimes be difficult especially knowing where to appropriately set up your camera to capture the best shots. In the example above comes from the "History of Frisbee Cups" video that my group produced for our final project.
In the photo above, you can see that the camera is set up slightly behind team one to capture both team A's actions, and also have a clear view of team B, who are standing across from them at a distance. Unfortunately, the camera is set up at a slightly low angle that looks up. The reason being is that our location consist of slanted grounds that were quite muddy. Having the camera at a slightly low angle and pointed upwards allows it to capture both teams at the same time.
Finally, most live sport coverages utilizes multiple cameras to capture different angles of the game. Our group had two cameras set up to capture different angles of both teams which allows the audience to witness genuine reactions and expressions from the players.